Glass Delivery Specialist

Mergers and Acquisitions

In the M&A process two companies are merged to create a new company. This is done for various reasons, including to boost sales, increase efficiency, or discover new markets. A common objective is to achieve synergy in which the combined companies are more effective than they are on their own. M&A involves significant financial investments, so it is important for companies to perform due diligence prior to signing an agreement.

M&A professionals can work with a variety of teams to complete an investment, including legal, accounting and finance specialists. They also utilize tools such as financial analysis and operational models to help determine the value of a potential target. M&A deals are often financed with cash, stock or taking on debt. Leveraged buyouts are when an enterprise of a significant size borrows money from private equity firms to purchase a smaller competitor.

The majority of M&A deals involve companies that are about the same size. Horizontal mergers are the most common kind of merger. Examples include the merging of video game developers with tech hardware companies. In the third wave mergers (1965-1989), companies diversified by purchasing different industries. This was done to lessen the cyclical fluctuations in their revenue streams.

One of the biggest pitfalls in M&A is paying too much for the target. This could happen if companies underestimate the time it will take for synergies to be realized or when it adds costs to its purchase price. M&A managers also experience pressure from their team members and intermediaries.

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